This video is about #Introduction to #diabetes #mellitus , #Chapter 1 produced by STAR LABORATORY. The history of diabetes , #symptoms of diabetes and other explanations are clearly given.
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
There are diabetes warning signs and symptoms that both women and men have in common, for example:
Excessive thirst and hunger.
Frequent urination (from urinary tract infections or kidney problems)
Weight loss or gain.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Symptoms often include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to the nerves, and damage to the eyes.
Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin due to loss of beta cells. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”. The loss of beta cells is caused by an autoimmune response. The cause of this autoimmune response is unknown.
Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses, a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is a combination of excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.
Gestational diabetes is the third main form, and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
What are the main causes of diabetes?
Other type 2 diabetes risk factors include the following:
High blood pressure.
High blood triglyceride (fat) levels.
Gestational diabetes or giving birth to a baby weighing more than 9 pounds.
High-fat and carbohydrate diet.
High alcohol intake.
Obesity or being overweight.
How does diabetes make you feel?
Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes high blood sugar levels. Early signs and symptoms can include frequent urination, increased thirst, feeling tired and hungry, vision problems, slow wound healing, and yeast infections.
How can u prevent diabetes?
13 Ways to Prevent Diabetes
Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet. …
Work Out Regularly. …
Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage. …
Lose Weight If You’re Overweight or Obese. …
Quit Smoking. …
Follow a Very-Low-Carb Diet. …
Watch Portion Sizes. …
Avoid Sedentary Behaviors.
How do you confirm diabetes?
If it’s 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. Oral glucose tolerance test. For this test, you fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drink a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the next two hours
Does stress cause diabetes?
Stress and diabetes
Stress hormones in your body may directly affect glucose levels. … Your body may not be able to process the glucose released by your firing nerve cells if you have diabetes. If you can’t convert the glucose into energy, it builds up in the bloodstream. This causes your blood glucose levels to rise.
What foods can cause diabetes?
Can eating too much sugar cause diabetes?
What color is diabetic urine?
Does diabetes affect sleep?
Does diabetes make you sleepy?
Is Bacon bad for diabetics?
How does diabetes spread from one person to another?
How do you handle diabetes?
What causes a person to be diabetic?
What is the best treatment for diabetes?
What should be your blood sugar in the morning?
Can a skinny person get diabetes?
How can diabetics relieve stress?
Can skipping meals cause diabetes?